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Title: Towards acoustic discrimination of tropical tuna associated with Fish Aggregating Devices
Authors: Moreno, Gala; Boyra, Guillermo; Sancristobal, Igor; Itano, David; Restrepo, Victor
Abstract: Tropical tuna support some of the largest and most valuable artisanal and industrial fisheries worldwide, conducted to a large degree with Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs). Yellowfin, bigeye and skipjack are the main tuna species found in mixed aggregations around FADs and they are simultaneously encircled by the purse seining operation. One of the key challenges that purse seine fleets fishing with drifting FADs face in all oceans is to be able to target species in healthy condition such as skipjack, while reducing impacts on bigeye and yellowfin in areas where there is a need to reduce fishing pressure on these species. The present paper explores a technical solution for selective fishing at FADs by means of acoustic equipment used by purse seiners. Acoustic frequency response of skipjack and bigeye tuna were determined at 38, 120 and 200 kHz. Skipjack showed stronger response at higher frequencies. On the contrary, bigeye showed stronger responses at lower frequencies. The robust pattern shown in frequency responses of the two species demonstrates the potential to predict abundance and species proportions based on purely acoustic measures. The paper also addresses the conditions that need to be met to successfully apply this technology for selective fishing as well as other uses of direct acoustic observations to support tuna conservation.
Issue Date: 2019
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216353
ISSN: 1932-6203
Funder: International Seafood Sustainability Foundation
Common Oceans ABNJ Tuna Project
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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