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Title: Evaluating the influence of off-shore cage aquaculture on the benthic ecosystem in Alghero Bay (Sardinia, Italy) using AMBI and M-AMBI
Authors: Forchino, Andrea; Borja, Angel; Brambilla, Fabio; German Rodriguez, Jose; Muxika, Inigo; Terova, Genciana; Saroglia, Marco
Citation: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 2011, 11, 1112-1122
Abstract: The impact of an off-shore fish farm in Alghero Bay (northwest Sardinia, Italy) on the benthic ecosystem was investigated in 2007 and 2008. In addition to studying the chemical and physical characteristics of the area (i.e., currents and sediment analyses), some biological analyses were also performed. The AZTI's Marine Biotic Index (AMBI) and the multivariate AMBI (M-AMBI) were calculated, which are being used in assessing the ecological status of benthic communities within the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). Clear impact gradients were detected according to both methods; they are related to farm production, prevailing currents, and characteristics of the area (i.e., water depth and distance to the cages). The site affected most was detected within 84 m from the cages: the area that no longer showed effects was over 907 m from the cages. The gradient is shown by decreasing AMBI values and percentage of opportunistic species and increasing richness, diversity, and the presence of sensitive species. This study highlights the importance of setting reference conditions for different areas when calculating M-AMBI. These reference conditions correspond to those in undisturbed sites in the opposite direction of the prevailing currents within the area. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Mediterranean Sea; Cage aquaculture; Benthic health; Biotic index; AMBI; M-AMBI; WESTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA; COUNTRY NORTHERN SPAIN; MARINE BIOTIC INDEX; ECOLOGICAL STATUS; MACROINVERTEBRATE ASSEMBLAGES; ENVIRONMENTAL-IMPACT; ORGANIC ENRICHMENT; ADRIATIC SEA; FISH; FARM
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2010.12.011
URI: http://dspace.azti.es/handle/24689/657
ISSN: 1470-160X
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos



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