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Title: Effect of food type and concentration on growth and fatty acid composition of early larvae of the anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) reared under laboratory conditions
Authors: Garrido, S.; Saiz, E.; Peters, J.; Re, P.; Alvarez, P.; Herrero, D. L.; Martinez de Murguia, A.; Ingoien, X.; Cotano, U.
Citation: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, 2012, 434, 16-24
Abstract: Experiments were conducted during the summer of 2008 and 2009 to study the growth of early post yolk-sac European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus, Linnaeus, 1758) larvae reared under different food regimes. The fatty acid composition was used to assess nutritional condition of the larvae. Prey items used in the experiments were Gymnodinium sanguineum, Brachionus plicatilis and nauplii of the copepods Acartia grani and Euterpina acutifrons. Food type and concentration affected the growth of the larvae. Mixed diets composed of rotifers and copepod nauplii at high concentration resulted in higher anchovy larvae growth rates in comparison with single-prey diets using either rotifers or copepod nauplii. The addition of the dinoflagellate G. sanguineum (25-50 cells ml(-1)) to the prey offered did not enhance significantly larval growth. Highest growth rates of anchovy larvae (0.28 mm d(-1)) were obtained using high concentrations of a mixed diet, particularly the combination of rotifers and A. grani nauplii. Fatty acid composition at hatch was similar to the composition observed in the field, but during larvae ontogeny there was a marked decrease in the contribution of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). Such difference reflects the high requirements of these PUFA for larvae development, and suggests that the food offered failed to fulfill the larvae nutritional requirements. The growth rates obtained in our experiments were, overall, in the lower range of those observed in natural conditions. Taking into considerations the fact that larvae in the field are expected to encounter lower prey concentrations, we discuss the reasons for such disagreement. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Anchovy; Engraulis encrasicolus; Fatty acids; Larval growth; NORTHERN ADRIATIC SEA; FISH LARVAE; SARDINA-PILCHARDUS; MEDITERRANEAN-SEA; SOUTHERN BENGUELA; JAPANESE ANCHOVY; LIPID CLASS; ENVIRONMENT; MORDAX; PATTERNS
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2012.07.021
URI: http://dspace.azti.es/handle/24689/579
ISSN: 0022-0981
Funder: Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) [SFRH/BPD/38332/2007]
project VITAL [FCT - PTDC/MAR/111304/2009]
Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion [CTM2010-10036-E]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos



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