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Title: Photodegradation of several triazidic and organophosphorus pesticides in water by pulsed light technology
Authors: Beatriz Baranda, Ana; Fundazuri, Olatz; Martinez de Maranon, Inigo
Abstract: Pulsed light technology consists of a successive repetition of short duration (325 mu s) and high power flashes emitted by xenon lamps. These flashlamps radiate a broadband emission light (approximately 200-1000 nm) with a considerable amount of light in the short-wave UV spectrum. In the present work, this technology was tested as a new tool for the degradation of several herbicides in water: simazine, atrazine, phosmet, azinphos-methyl, methyl-parathion, pirimiphos-methyl and chlorpyrifos-ethyl. To evaluate the presence and evolution with time of these herbicides, as well as the formation of derivatives, liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (atmospheric pressure chemical ionization) ion trap operating in positive mode was used. The degradation process followed first-order kinetics for all studied compounds except for parathion. Fluences about 4.65 J/cm(2) induced 50\% reduction of simazine, atrazine, phosmet, azinphos-ethyl and pirimiphos-ethyl, independently of these compounds were PL treated separately or mixed in an aqueous solution. A higher fluence (9.81 J/cm(2)) was needed to induce 50\% reduction for chlorpyrifos-ethyl, being more difficult to degrade it in presence of other pesticides in the same solution. While simazine and atrazine were degraded, no chlorinated photoproducts were formed. Partial dechlorination was also observed for chlorpyrifos-ethyl. For the rest of organophosphorus pesticides different kinds of reactions could be suggested such as oxidative desulfuration, oxidation of ethyl groups or N-dealkylations. The molecular structures for some of derivatives could be proposed. The different formation profiles of photoproducts suggested that the degradation pathway may include several successive and competitive steps, with subsequent degradation processes taking part from the already formed degradation products. According to the degradation efficiency, the short treatment time and the type of derivatives, this new technology could be considered as an alternative for water treatment. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Issue Date: 2014
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotochem.2014.03.015
ISSN: 1010-6030
Funder: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food from the Basque Government [200701579]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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