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Title: The influence of nitrogen inputs on biomass and trophic structure of ocean plankton: a study using biomass and stable isotope size-spectra
Authors: Mompean, Carmen; Bode, Antonio; Latasa, Mikel; Mourino-Carballido, Beatriz; Irigoien, Xabier; Fernandez-Castro, Bieito
Citation: JOURNAL OF PLANKTON RESEARCH, 2016, 38, 1163-1177
Abstract: Large scale patterns in planktonic food web structure were studied by applying continuous size-scaled models of biomass and delta N-15 to plankton samples, collected at 145 stations during the Malaspina-2010 Expedition across three ocean basins and including major biomes. Carbon biomass and delta N-15 were determined in size-fractionated samples (40 to 5000 mu m) collected by vertical hauls (0-200 m). Biomass-normalized size-spectra were constructed to summarize food web structure and spatial patterns in spectral parameters were analyzed using geographically-weighted regression analysis. Except in the northwestern Atlantic, size-spectra showed low variability, reflecting a homogeneity in nitrogen sources and food web structure for the central oceans. Estimated predator-to-prey mass ratios <104 and mean trophic transfer efficiency values between 16\% (coastal biome) and >20\% (Trades and Westerlies biomes) suggested that oceanic plankton food webs may support a larger number of trophic levels than current estimates based on high efficiency values. The largest changes in spectral parameters and nitrogen sources were related to inputs of atmospheric nitrogen, either from diazotrophic organisms or dust deposition. These results suggest geographic homogeneity in the net transfer of nitrogen up the food web.
Keywords: stable isotopes; delta N-15; plankton; ocean; food web; biomass; size spectrum; PELAGIC FOOD-WEB; ATLANTIC-OCEAN; NORTH-ATLANTIC; SPATIAL-PATTERNS; N-2 FIXATION; BODY-SIZE; COMMUNITIES; DELTA-N-15; MESOZOOPLANKTON; TRICHODESMIUM
Issue Date: 2016
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1093/plankt/fbw052
ISSN: 0142-7873
E-ISSN: 1464-3774
Funder: program CONSOLIDER-INGENIO \[CSD2008-00077]
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (Spain) of the EU \[FP7-ENV-2010 264933]
Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia (IEO)
Spanish government \[AP2010-5594]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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