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Title: Assessment of a sheltered euhaline area of the southeastern Bay of Biscay to sustain bivalve production in terms of phytoplankton community composition
Authors: Bilbao, Jone; Muniz, Oihane; German Rodriguez, Jose; Revilla, Marta; Laza-Martinez, Aitor; Seoane, Sergio
Citation: OCEANOLOGIA, 2021, 63, 12-26
Abstract: This study describes the phytoplankton community in sheltered euhaline waters of the Basque coast (southeastern Bay of Biscay). Phytoplankton composition, cell size, abundance, biomass and the presence of potentially toxic taxa, together with chlorophyll a, nutrients and hydrographic and optical conditions were measured, from August 2016 to August 2017, in the Mutriku port, with the main aim of assessing the suitability of the phytoplankton community as a food resource for bivalves. The water column in Mutriku showed the typical environmental conditions of Basque marine waters, with no significant nutrient enrichment caused by anthropogenic pressures. Haptophytes represented the greatest contribution to cell abundance (31-47\%), and diatoms were the dominant group in terms of biomass (52-79\%),which could favour mussel growth due to their high fatty acid content. In addition, the size structure of the phytoplankton community was suitable for mussel ingestion, since the predominant cell size was 2-20 mu m. Regarding toxic phytoplankton, the genera that pose a risk for human health and those that affect negatively mussel physiology and survival were considered. Altogether, ten toxic phytoplankton taxa were identified, contributing in less than 5\% to the total cell abundance of Mutriku. However, median chlorophyll a concentration was low (0.5 mu g L-1), reflecting the oligotrophic conditions of the area. Therefore, even if the composition of the phytoplankton community could be favourable for bivalve aquaculture, biomass values are low compared to other zones of bivalve production. (C) 2020 Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Phytoplankton community composition; Biomass; Physico-chemical variables; Aquaculture; Mussels; Bay of Biscay; MUSSEL MYTILUS-GALLOPROVINCIALIS; FATTY-ACID-COMPOSITION; TOXIC DINOFLAGELLATE; BASQUE COAST; MERCENARIA-MERCENARIA; RETENTION EFFICIENCY; IBERIAN PENINSULA; ATLANTIC COAST; CHLOROPHYLL-A; RIAS-BAIXAS
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: POLISH ACAD SCIENCES INST OCEANOLOGY
Type: Article
Language: 
DOI: 10.1016/j.oceano.2020.08.007
URI: http://dspace.azti.es/handle/24689/1295
ISSN: 0078-3234
E-ISSN: 2300-7370
Funder: project EGRECOST CALIDAD -Control de Calidad de Aguas Cultivos Marinos (Departamento de Desarrollo Economico e Infraestructuras del Gobierno Vasco)
University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) [PPG17/67]
University of the Basque Country [UPV/EHU -PIF 18/306]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos



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