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Title: Planctomycetesas a Vital Constituent of the Microbial Communities Inhabiting Different Layers of the Meromictic Lake S AE lenvannet (Norway)
Authors: Storesund, Julia E.; Lanzen, Anders; Nordmann, Eva-Lena; Armo, Hilde Rief; Lage, Olga Maria; Ovreas, Lise
Abstract: Meromictic lakes are permanently stratified lakes that display steep gradients in salinity, oxygen and sulphur compounds tightly linked to bacterial community structure and diversity. Lake S AE lenvannet is a meromictic lake located south of Bergen, Norway. The 26 m deep lake is connected to the open sea and permanently stratified into two layers separated by a chemocline. The upper water layer is brackish with major input from water runoff from the surroundings. The bottom layer consists of old saline water with low or no oxygen concentrations. Bacteria from phylumPlanctomycetesare reported to be ubiquitous in lake environments. They are involved in the degradation of complex carbon sources in aquatic environments and are also linked to anaerobic processes such as fermentation and sulphur reduction. To studyPlanctomycetedistribution along a chemical gradient, we sampled the water column throughout Lake S AE lenvannet in 2012 and profiled the microbial community using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing (metabarcoding) with 454 pyrosequencing.Planctomycetesrelated 16S rRNA gene sequences were found to be present both in the oxic and anoxic parts of the lake and showed an uneven distribution throughout the water column, with the highest relative abundance of 10\% found in the saline anoxic layer at 15 m depth. In a follow-up study in 2014, samples from eight different depths were collected for enrichment and isolation of novelPlanctomycetes. This study resulted in successful isolation in pure culture of 10 isolates affiliated to four different genera from the family Planctomycetaceae. One strain closely related toBlastopirellula cremeawas isolated from 9 m depth, and two novel strains affiliated to the generaStieleriaandGimesiawere isolated at 7 and 9 m depths, respectively. Furthermore, seven isolates with identical 16S rRNA gene sequences were retrieved from seven different depths which varied greatly in salinity and chemical composition. These isolates likely represent a new species affiliated toRubinisphaera. The adaptation of this novelPlanctomyceteto water depths spanning the entire chemical gradient could indicate a high phenotypic plasticity and/or a very efficient survival strategy. Overall, our results show the presence of a diverse group ofPlanctomycetesin Lake S AE lenvannet, with a strong potential for novel adaptations to chemical stress factors.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms8081150
E-ISSN: 2076-2607
Funder: NRCNational Research Centre (NRC) [531891]
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bergen, Norway
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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