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Title: Integration of HF Radar Observations for an Enhanced Coastal Mean Dynamic Topography
Authors: Caballero, Ainhoa; Mulet, Sandrine; Ayoub, Nadia and Manso-Narvarte, Ivan; Davila, Xabier; Boone, Christine and Toublanc, Florence; Rubio, Anna
Abstract: Satellite altimeters provide continuous information of the sea level variability and mesoscale processes for the global ocean. For estimating the sea level above the geoid and monitoring the full ocean dynamics from altimeters measurements, a key reference surface is needed: The Mean Dynamic Topography (MDT). However, in coastal areas, where, in situ measurements are sparse and the typical scales of the motion are generally smaller than in the deep ocean, the global MDT solutions are less accurate than in the open ocean, even if significant improvement has been done in the past years. An opportunity to fill in this gap has arisen with the growing availability of long time-series of high-resolution HF radar surface velocity measurements in some areas, such as the south-eastern Bay of Biscay. The prerequisite for the computation of a coastal MDT, using the newly available data of surface velocities, was to obtain a robust methodology to remove the ageostrophic signal from the HF radar measurements, in coherence with the scales resolved by the altimetry. To that end, we first filtered out the tidal and inertial motions, and then, we developed and tested a method that removed the Ekman component and the remaining divergent part of the flow. A regional high-resolution hindcast simulation was used to assess the method. Then, the processed HF radar geostrophic velocities were used in synergy with additional in situ data, altimetry, and gravimetry to compute a new coastal MDT, which shows significant improvement compared with the global MDT. This study showcases the benefit of combining satellite data with continuous, high-frequency, and synoptic in situ velocity data from coastal radar measurements; taking advantage of the different scales resolved by each of the measuring systems. The integrated analysis of in situ observations, satellite data, and numerical simulations has provided a further step in the understanding of the local ocean processes, and the new MDT a basis for more reliable monitoring of the study area. Recommendations for the replicability of the methodology in other coastal areas are also provided. Finally, the methods developed in this study and the more accurate regional MDT could benefit present and future high-resolution altimetric missions.
Keywords: mean dynamic topography; HF radar; altimetry; geostrophy; Bay of Biscay; Coastal Ocean; modeling; observations; WATER CIRCULATION PATTERNS; IN-SITU MEASUREMENTS; SOUTHERN BAY; SURFACE CURRENTS; ALTIMETRIC DATA; SEA-LEVEL; BISCAY; OCEAN; EDDY; VARIABILITY
Issue Date: 2020
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.588713
E-ISSN: 2296-7745
Funder: Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service
JERICO-NEXT project - European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program [654410, 871153]
JERICO-S3 project - European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program [654410, 871153]
Department of Environment, Regional Planning, Agriculture and Fisheries of the Basque Government
CALMIP/France [2017 p1119]
GENCI/CINES/France [2018-A0040110098]
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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