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Title: Toxicology tailored low density oligonucleotide microarray for the thicklip grey mullets (Chelon labrosus): Biomarker gene transcription profile after caging in a polluted harbour
Authors: Diaz de Cerio, O.; Bilbao, E.; Izagirre, U.; Etxebarria, N. and Moreno, G.; Diez, G.; Caiaraville, M. P.; Cancio, I
Citation: MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 2018, 140, 265-277
Abstract: In aquatic organisms inhabiting polluted waters genes are activated to build an adaptive/compensatory defence against the possible effects of pollutants. Such responses can be used as biomarkers of exposure to chemical compounds, outlining the molecular mechanisms activated under specific pollution scenarios. With the aim of exploiting such approach in environmental health assessment, toxicologically relevant gene fragments were sequenced in the thicklip grey mullet (Chelon labrosus) and a toxicologically tailored low-density (160 genes) oligonucleotide microarray was customised. The tool was validated comparing organ/sex specific gene expression profiles and characterising responses under laboratory exposure to model chemicals. Finally, juvenile mullets were caged in a polluted harbour and hepatic gene expression profiles analysed after 5 and 21 days of deployment. Cages were deployed in the inner (IH) and outer (OH) Pasaia harbour, Bay of Biscay. Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were also caged as biological matrix for chemical bioaccumulation analysis and stress biomarkers measurements. Slightly higher concentrations of chemicals (metals, tributyltin, PAHs, phthalates) were quantified in IH than in OH, fish bile metabolites also revealing higher availability of PAHs in IH. Lysosome membrane stability in mussels was reduced, indicating stress condition in both sites. The developed microarray discriminated mullets showing distinctive expression profiles depending on site and deployment time. Genes related to immune and hypoxia responses were regulated comparing IH and OH at day 5. Phase I and II biotransformation genes, such as cyp2, cyp3 and ugt, were up-regulated in IH, together with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor 2 (ahr2) and the ahr repressor. Similarly, TBT-binding proteins and genes involved in lipid metabolism (ppar gamma, cyp7) were up-regulated with deployment time. Even if nowadays higher throughput approaches for gene expression analyses are available, the developed mullet tool constitutes a comprehensive tool to assess molecular responses of mullets exposed to pollutants, although it remains to be explored whether it can be applied to assess pollutant exposure in active pollution monitorings and in environmental health assessment.
Issue Date: 2018
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.06.009
ISSN: 0141-1136
E-ISSN: 1879-0291
Funder: Spanish MEC (CANCERMAR) [CTM2006-06192/MAR]
Basque Government (Strategic action ETORTEK-IMPRES 2003-2007)
Basque Government (SAIOTEK 2008 FISHtoTKIPS) [S-PR06UN02]
Basque Government (SAIOTEK 2009 ITSASonTXIP) [S-PR07UN01]
Basque Government [GIC07/26-IT-393.07]
Basque Country University (UPV/EHU) Unit of Formation and Research of the ``ecosystem health protection�� [UFI 11/37]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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