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Title: Water renewal and risk assessment of water pollution in semi-enclosed domains: Application to Bilbao Harbour (Bay of Biscay)
Authors: Grifoll, Manel; Del Campo, Andrea; Espino, Manuel; Mader, Julien; Gonzalez, Manuel; Borja, Angel
Citation: JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS, 2013, 109, S241-S251
Abstract: The inclusion of water renewal behaviour in the risk assessment of water pollution for Bilbao harbour (located within the Nervion estuary, southeastern Bay of Biscay) is analysed. Several parameterisations of water renewal (integral and local perspectives), obtained from the numerical evolution analysis of a Eulerian tracer, were used. The local characterisation of water renewal confirmed a strong horizontal spatial variability. In addition, vertical variability on water renewal patterns, due to the 3-dimensional structure of the flow was also appreciated. For the period analysed (August 2008) the water renewal was less effective at the surface, than in deeper waters, because marine breezes counteracted water renewal at the surface, during the observed period. The incidence of this vertical variability, on harbour environmental management, was analysed in implementing a recently developed methodology to evaluate the risk of water pollution. Since this methodology takes into account water renewal, the values of risk of water pollution in Bilbao harbour differed considerably, as a function of the renewal pattern at the surface or within deeper waters. In conclusion, it was found that the water renewal should be parameterised properly, in order to improve environmental management strategies in semi-enclosed water bodies in coastal areas. The findings permitted knowledge to be gained on water renewal behaviour within Bilbao harbour, advancing the framework for the environmental management of harbour waters. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Hydrodynamics; Numerical modelling; Water renewal; Breezes; Risk assessment; Environmental management; Bilbao harbour; Nervion estuary; Bay of Biscay; RESIDENCE TIMES; MODELING-SYSTEM; QUALITY; CIRCULATION; ESTUARY; SCALES; LAGOON; SPAIN; PORT; TIDE
Issue Date: 2013
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2011.07.010
ISSN: 0924-7963
E-ISSN: 1879-1573
Funder: SIROCO project (Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation) [PS-310000-2009-3 PROMARES]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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