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Title: Total fishing pressure produced by artisanal fisheries, from a Marine Spatial Planning perspective: A case study from the Basque Country (Bay of Biscay)
Authors: Pascual, M.; Borja, A.; Galparsoro, I.; Ruiz, J.; Mugerza, E.; Quincoces, I.; Murillas, A.; Arregi, L.
Citation: FISHERIES RESEARCH, 2013, 147, 240-252
Abstract: The increasing human pressures on marine ecosystems and the need for integrating planning tools for managing and protecting the marine environment have pushed towards accurate assessments of the spatial distribution of human activities and impacts. An accurate understanding of the spatial distribution of fisheries will help determine potential conflicts that may arise in coastal regions as these regions are exposed to new types of resource use and development (e.g., renewable energy, aquaculture). This study characterizes the existing artisanal fishing activity along the Bay of Biscay in the Basque Country (Spain) by m tier unit, by commercially relevant species biomass, and by trophic level. Total fishing pressure (measured as area covered per sampling effort) was calculated per m tier unit by year (2009 and 2010), and aggregated using data collected from 10,185 fishing trip events, questionnaires, and other non-official logbooks. Results revealed that the spatial preferences and fishing intensities of specific m tiers were linked to spatial location; water bodies closest to the coastline, especially in the most westerly areas of the Bay of Biscay, were more intensely fished. The integration of total fishing pressure across m tiers is an important first step towards assessing the cumulative pressures of fishing, and determining the foundations for an improved ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in Basque Country waters. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Total fishing pressure; Artisanal fisheries; Metier; Trophic level; Basque Country; METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH; MANAGEMENT; FRAMEWORK; SYSTEM; RISK; MAP
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2013.06.010
URI: http://dspace.azti.es/handle/24689/516
ISSN: 0165-7836
Funder: MESMA-Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatially Managed Areas FP7 Project [226661]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos



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