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Title: Good Environmental Status of marine ecosystems: What is it and how do we know when we have attained it?
Authors: Borja, Angel; Elliott, Mike; Andersen, Jesper H.; Cardoso, Ana C.; Carstensen, Jacob; Ferreira, Joao G.; Heiskanen, Anna-Stiina; Marques, Joao C.; Neto, Joao M.; Teixeira, Heliana; Uyarra, Maria C.; Zampoukas, Nikolaos; Uusitalo, Laura
Citation: MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, 2013, 76, 16-27
Abstract: The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires EU Member States (MS) to achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS) of their seas by 2020. We address the question of what GEnS entails especially with regard to the level at which targets are set (descriptors, criteria, indicators), to scales for assessments (regional, sub-divisions, site-specific), and to difficulties in putting into practice the GEnS concept. We propose a refined and operational definition of GEnS, indicating the data and information needed to all parts of that definition. We indicate the options for determining when GEnS has been met, acknowledge the data and information needs for each option, and recommend a combination of existing quantitative targets and expert judgement. We think that the MSFD implementation needs to be less complex than shown for other similar directives, can be based largely on existing data and can be centred on the activities of the Regional Seas Conventions. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Assessment; Good Environmental Status; Descriptors; Indicators; Integration; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; COASTAL; EUROPE; EUTROPHICATION; INDICATORS; ESTUARINE; BENEFITS; QUALITY; IMPACT; OCEAN
Issue Date: 2013
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.08.042
ISSN: 0025-326X
E-ISSN: 1879-3363
Funder: European Union [308392]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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