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Title: Benthic habitat mapping on the Basque continental shelf (SE Bay of Biscay) and its application to the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Authors: Galparsoro, Ibon; German Rodriguez, Jose; Menchaca, Iratxe; Mikel Garmendia, Joxe; Borja, Angel; Quincoces, Inaki
Citation: JOURNAL OF SEA RESEARCH, 2015, 100, 70-76
Abstract: Benthic habitats on the Basque continental shelf were mapped based on multibeam echosounder surveys, grab sampling, video surveys and oceanographic monitoring. A total area of 2302 km(2) was classified according to the European Nature Information System (EUNIS) hierarchical classification. Almost 50\% of the area corresponded to rock and other hard substrata and the other 50\% corresponded to soft bottoms. The biotic composition of several areas was significantly different from the EUNIS habitat classes described previously; therefore, we propose a total of 13 new classes. The habitat mapping has contributed to improving the knowledge and application of several criteria and indicators used to assess environmental status in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive in-relation to the biological diversity descriptors, such as non-indigenous species and seafloor integrity. It is also useful for other descriptors and for developing the sampling design. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Benthic habitat characterisation; Benthic habitat mapping; EUNIS habitat classification; Biological diversity; Seafloor integrity; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; GOOD ENVIRONMENTAL STATUS; SPATIAL MANAGEMENT; FLOOR INTEGRITY; CLASSIFICATION; ECOSYSTEM; CONSERVATION; INDICATORS; IMPACTS
Issue Date: 2015
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2014.09.013
ISSN: 1385-1101
E-ISSN: 1873-1414
Funder: Basque Water Agency (URA)
Department of Environment, Land Use, Agriculture and Fisheries of the Basque Government
MeshAtlantic project (Atlantic Area Transnational Cooperation Programme of the European Regional Development Fund)
DEVOTES (DEVelopment Of innovative Tools for understanding marine biodiversity and assessing good Environmental Status) - European Union under the 7th Framework Program `The Ocean of Tomorrow' Theme \[308392]
Basque Country Government
European Commission through the European Fisheries Fund
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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