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Title: Variations in the diet and stable isotope ratios during the ovarian development of female yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the Western Indian Ocean
Authors: Zudaire, Iker; Murua, Hilario; Grande, Maitane; Goni, Nicolas; Menard, Frederic; Chassot, Emmanuel; Bodin, Nathalie; Potier, Michel
Citation: MARINE BIOLOGY, 2015, 162, 2363-2377
Abstract: The feeding strategy of female yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) during their reproductive cycle was investigated using a combination of different trophic tracers, i.e., stomach contents and dual stable isotope analysis, along with an assessment of ovarian development based on a histological analysis. To complete these analyses, we collected 215 female yellowfin from the Western Indian Ocean in 2009 and 2010. From these fish, we noted the ovarian development and analyzed the contents of 166 non-empty stomachs and 104 liver and muscle tissue samples. Stomach content analysis identified a large variety of prey species (45 prey families), key groups including crustaceans dominated by the swimming crab Charybdis smithii and crustacean larvae; fish dominated by the cigarfish Cubiceps pauciradiatus; and cephalopods dominated by ommastrephids Sthenoteuthis oualaniensis and Ornithoteuthis volatilis. Individuals capable of spawning appeared to feed intensively, particularly on cigarfish, during the reproductive period. From the mean reconstituted weight values of the preys, our results indicated that this intensive feeding led to increased amounts of acquired energy. The results of the stable isotope analyses, carried out on the muscle and liver tissues, indicated a clear decrease in values from north to south. These analyses also showed that liver delta N-15 values in spawning females were significantly lower than those in immature and developing individuals. This latter observation highlights the differences in metabolic processes that occur between tissues during ovarian development and underlines the importance of the liver in energy acquisition and mobilization in female yellowfin tuna during reproduction.
Issue Date: 2015
Type: Article
Language: English
DOI: 10.1007/s00227-015-2763-0
ISSN: 0025-3162
E-ISSN: 1432-1793
Funder: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food of the Basque Government
Pesqueria Vasco Montanesa S.A. (PEVASA) fishing company
Fundacion Centros Tecnologicos Inaki Goenaga
Basque Government Postdoctoral grant
EMOTION Project \[JSV7 007 01]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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