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Title: A microbial mandala for environmental monitoring: Predicting multiple impacts on estuarine prokaryote communities of the Bay of Biscay
Authors: Lanzen, Anders; Mendibil, Inaki; Borja, Angel; Alonso-Saez, Laura
Citation: MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, 2021, 30, 2969-2987
Abstract: Routine monitoring of benthic biodiversity is critical for managing and understanding the anthropogenic impacts on marine, transitional and freshwater ecosystems. However, traditional reliance on morphological identification generally makes it cost-prohibitive to increase the scale of monitoring programmes. Metabarcoding of environmental DNA has clear potential to overcome many of the problems associated with traditional monitoring, with prokaryotes and other microorganisms showing particular promise as bioindicators. However, due to the limited knowledge regarding the ecological roles and responses of environmental microorganisms to different types of pressure, the use of de novo approaches is necessary. Here, we use two such approaches for the prediction of multiple impacts present in estuaries and coastal areas of the Bay of Biscay based on microbial communities. The first (Random Forests) is a machine learning method while the second (Threshold Indicator Taxa Analysis and quantile regression splines) is based on de novo identification of bioindicators. Our results show that both methods overlap considerably in the indicator taxa identified, but less for sequence variants. Both methods also perform well in spite of the complexity of the studied ecosystem, providing predictive models with strong correlation to reference values and fair to good agreement with ecological status groups. The ability to predict several specific types of pressure is especially appealing. The cross-validated models and biotic indices developed can be directly applied to predict the environmental status of estuaries in the same geographical region, although more work is needed to evaluate and improve them for use in new regions or habitats.
Keywords: biomonitoring; machine learning; metabarcoding; microbial; multiple impact; multiple pressure; ECOLOGICAL STATUS; MARINE ENVIRONMENTS; BIOTIC INDEX; OIL-SPILLS; BACTERIAL; BIODIVERSITY; DIVERSITY; QUALITY; INTEGRITY; SEDIMENTS
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: WILEY
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1111/mec.15489
ISSN: 0962-1083
E-ISSN: 1365-294X
Funder: Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science
Basque Government (Eusko Jaurlaritza)
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion, Gobierno de EspanaSpanish Government [RYC-201211404]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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