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Title: Concurrent sampling of transitional and coastal waters by Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT) and spot sampling for trace metals analysis
Authors: Bersuder, Philippe; Amouroux, Isabelle; Jesus Belzunce-Segarra, Maria; Bolam, Thi; Caetano, Miguel; Carvalho, Ines; Santos, Margarida Correia dos; Fones, Gary R.; Gonzalez, Jean-Louis and Guesdon, Stephane; Larreta, Joana; Marras, Barbara; McHugh, Brendan; Menet-Nedelec, Florence; Menchaca, Iratxe; Gabet, Vanessa Millan; Montero, Natalia; Nolan, Martin; Regan, Fiona and Robinson, Craig D.; Rosa, Nuno; Sanz, Marta Rodrigo and Rodriguez, Jose German; Schintu, Marco; White, Blanaid; Zhang, Hao
Abstract: This protocol was developed based on the knowledge acquired in the framework of the Interreg MONITOOL project (EAPA\_565/2016) where extensive sampling campaigns were performed in transitional and coastal waters covering eight European countries. It provides detailed procedures and guidelines for the sampling of these waterbodies by concurrent collection of discrete water samples and the deployment of Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT) passive samplers for the measurement of trace metal concentrations. In order to facilitate the application of this protocol by end-users, it presents steps to follow in the laboratory prior to sampling campaigns, explains the procedures for field campaigns (including in situ measurement of supporting parameters) and subsequent sample processing in the laboratory in preparation for trace metal analyze by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and voltammetry. The protocol provides a systematic, coherent field sampling and sample preparation strategy that was developed in order to ensure comparability and reproducibility of the data obtained from each project Partner in different regions. Standardization of the concurrent sampling of transitional and coastal waters by DGT passive samplers and spot sampling. Robust procedures and tips based on existing international standards and comprehensive practical experience. Links to demonstration videos produced within the MONITOOL project. (C) 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Diffusive Gradient in Thin-films (DGT); Passive sampling; Spot sampling; Metals; Transitional and coastal waters; Monitoring; MONITOOL; EU Water Framework Directive (WFD); IN-SITU MEASUREMENT
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: ELSEVIER
Type: Article
Language: 
DOI: 10.1016/j.mex.2021.101462
URI: http://dspace.azti.es/handle/24689/1294
E-ISSN: 2215-0161
Funder: European Regional Development Fund through the Interreg Atlantic Area Programme [EAPA\_565/2016]
Scottish Government-Marine Scotland (United Kingdom)
Foras na Mara-Marine Environment and Food Safety Services (Ireland)
Consejo Insular de Aguas de Gran Canaria (Spain)
Viceconsejeria de Medioambiente del Gobierno de Canarias (Spain)
Scottish Environment Protection Agency (United Kingdom)
Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland)United States Environmental Protection Agency
Agence Francaise pour la Biodiversite (France)
URA Agencia Vasca del Agua (Spain)
Agencia Portuguesa do Ambiente (Portugal)
CQE-IST projects [UIDB/00100/2020, UIDP/00100/2020, UID/QUI/00100/2013, UID/QUI/00100/2019]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos



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