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Title: Intake of Fibre-Associated Foods and Texture Preferences in Relation to Weight Status Among 9-12 Years Old Children in 6 European Countries
Authors: Hormann-Wallner, Marlies; Krause, Raphaela; Alfaro, Begona and Jilani, Hannah; Laureati, Monica; Almli, Valerie L.; Sandell, Mari; Sandvik, Pernilla; Zeinstra, Gertrude G.; Methven, Lisa
Abstract: Plant foods, rich in fibre, can offer textures that children find difficult to orally manipulate, resulting in low preferences but are important for a healthy diet and prevention of overweight in children. Our aim was to investigate preferences for food texture, intake of fibre-associated foods and the relation to BMI. Three hundred thirty European children (9-12 years, 54\% female) indicated their texture preferences using the Child-Food-Texture-Preference- Questionnaire (CFTPQ), and their parents responded on fibre-associated food consumption and anthropometric information. BMI was significantly lower for children with higher intake of wholegrain alternatives of common foods; in addition to being significantly influenced by country and the wearing of a dental brace. Overall BMI-for-age-percentiles (BMI\_pct) were negatively associated with the consumption of wholegrain cereals, white pasta and wholemeal products and positively associated with the intake of legumes and white biscuits. In males, BMI\_pct were negatively associated with wholegrain products and dried fruits, and in females, positively with legume consumption. A few country-related associations were found for BMI\_pct and wholegrain biscuits, seeds and nuts and refined products. No overall correlation was found between BMI\_pct and the texture preference of soft/hard foods by CFTPQ, except in Austria. We conclude that this study revealed evidence of a connection between fibre-associated foods and children's BMI at a cross-cultural level and that sex is an important determinant of fibre-associated food intake and the development of overweight in childhood.
Keywords: texture preferences; plant foods; high; low fibre foods; overweight; BMI-for-age percentiles
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2021.633807
ISSN: 2296-861X
Funder: University of Milan (Italy) Piano di Sviluppo Unimi project [2015-20117]
Basque Government (Spain) through CM Programme (2017-2018 NUTRISEN project)
Crown princess Margarets memorial foundation (Sweden)
Academy of FinlandAcademy of FinlandEuropean Commission [MS309408]
Research Council of NorwayResearch Council of Norway
Norwegian Fund for Research Fees for Agricultural Products (FFL) [233831/E50, NRC314318]
Styrian Government (Austria), Section 8: Health, Care and Research, Division RD [ABT08-160762/2019-10]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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