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Title: First Assessment of the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Global Marine Recreational Fisheries
Authors: Pita, Pablo; Ainsworth, Gillian B.; Alba, Bernardino; Anderson, Antonio B.; Antelo, Manel; Alos, Josep; Artetxe, Inaki and Baudrier, Jerome; Castro, Jose J.; Chicharro, Belen; Erzini, Karim; Ferter, Keno; Freitas, Mafalda; Garcia-de-la-Fuente, Laura; Garcia-Charton, Jose A.; Gimenez-Casalduero, Maria and Grau, Antoni M.; Diogo, Hugo; Gordoa, Ana; Henriques, Filipe and Hyder, Kieran; Jimenez-Alvarado, David; Karachle, Paraskevi K. and Lloret, Josep; Laporta, Martin; Lejk, Adam M.; Dedeu, Arnau L.; Martin-Sosa, Pablo; Martinez, Lllibori; Mira, Antoni M. and Morales-Nin, Beatriz; Mugerza, Estanis; Olesen, Hans J. and Papadopoulos, Anastasios; Pontes, Joao; Pascual-Fernandez, Jose J. and Purroy, Ariadna; Ramires, Milena; Rangel, Mafalda and Reis-Filho, Jose Amorim; Sanchez-Lizaso, Jose L.; Sandoval, Virginia; Sbragaglia, Valerio; Silva, Luis; Skov, Christian and Sola, Ivan; Strehlow, V, Harry; Torres, Maria A.; Ustups, Didzis; van der Hammen, Tessa; Veiga, Pedro; Venerus, Leonardo A.; Verleye, Thomas; Villasante, Sebastian; Weltersbach, Marc Simon; Zarauz, Lucia
Abstract: This work is the result of an international research effort to determine the main impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on marine recreational fishing. Changes were assessed on (1) access to fishing, derived from lockdowns and other mobility restrictions; (2) ecosystems, because of alterations in fishing intensity and human presence; (3) the blue economy, derived from alterations in the investments and expenses of the fishers; and (4) society, in relation to variations in fishers' health and well-being. For this, a consultation with experts from 16 countries was carried out, as well as an international online survey aimed at recreational fishers, that included specific questions designed to capture fishers' heterogeneity in relation to behavior, skills and know-how, and vital involvement. Fishers' participation in the online survey (5,998 recreational fishers in 15 countries) was promoted through a marketing campaign. The sensitivity of the fishers' clustering procedure, based on the captured heterogeneity, was evaluated by SIMPER analysis and by generalized linear models. Results from the expert consultation highlighted a worldwide reduction in marine recreational fishing activity. Lower human-driven pressures are expected to generate some benefits for marine ecosystems. However, experts also identified high negative impacts on the blue economy, as well as on fisher health and well-being because of the loss of recreational fishing opportunities. Most (98\%) of the fishers who participated in the online survey were identified as advanced, showing a much higher degree of commitment to recreational fishing than basic fishers (2\%). Advanced fishers were, in general, more pessimistic about the impacts of COVID-19, reporting higher reductions in physical activity and fish consumption, as well as poorer quality of night rest, foul mood, and raised more concerns about their health status. Controlled and safe access to marine recreational fisheries during pandemics would provide benefits to the health and well-being of people and reduce negative socioeconomic impacts, especially for vulnerable social groups.</p>
Keywords: fishers' profiles; leisure activities; expert knowledge; fishery surveys; virus outbreak; ANGLER MOTIVATIONS; CATCH; SPECIALIZATION; CONSERVATION; REGULATIONS; HETEROGENEITY; HARVEST; RATES; FISH; SEA
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2021.735741
E-ISSN: 2296-7745
Funder: Xunta de Galicia (RECREGES II project)Xunta de Galicia [ED481B2018/017]
Xunta de Galicia (Grupo de Referencia Competitiva GI-2060 AEMI) [ED431C2019/11]
project Grupo de Trabajo Sobre Pesca Maritima Recreativa en Espana - Fundacion Biodiversidad of the Spanish Ministerio Para la Transicion Ecologica y el Reto Demografico
European Maritime and Fisheries Fund
EQUALSEA project ERC Consolidator Grant - European Research Council [101002784]
CYTED program for the ECOMAR Network
European Commission's Data Collection Framework (DCF)
Danish Rod and Net Fish License funds [39122]
FCT-Foundation for Science and TechnologyPortuguese Foundation for Science and Technology [UIDB/04326/2020]
FCTPortuguese Foundation for Science and TechnologyEuropean Commission [SFRH/BPD/116307/2016]
FAPES, Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa e Inovacao do Espirito Santo, Brazil -PROFIX program [10/2018 -T.O.: 348/2018]
tourist fishing project (��Kartlegging av Turistfiske��), Coastal Zone Ecosystem Program at the Institute of Marine Research of Norway
Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Service Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia -Spain (European Maritime and Fisheries Fund)
project ``MaReFish�� - MedPAN network under its ``Small Projects -2018�� call
Ramon y Cajal GrantSpanish Government [RYC2018-024488-I]
CLOCKS project - Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN) [PID2019-104940GAI00]
JSATS project - Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN) [PIE202030E002]
``Juan de la Cierva Incorporacion�� research fellowship - Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MICINN) [IJC2018-035389-I]
Federal Ministry of Education and Research of GermanyFederal Ministry of Education \& Research (BMBF) [01LC 1826B]
ICHTUS Solucoes em Meio Ambiente Ltda.
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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