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Title: Picocyanobacteria Community and Cyanophage Infection Responses to Nutrient Enrichment in a Mesocosms Experiment in Oligotrophic Waters
Authors: Coello-Camba, Alexandra; Diaz-Rua, Ruben; Duarte, Carlos M. and Irigoien, Xabier; Pearman, John K.; Alam, Intikhab S.; Agusti, Susana
Abstract: ProchlorococcusandSynechococcusare pico-sized cyanobacteria that play a fundamental role in oceanic primary production, being particularly important in warm, nutrient-poor waters. Their potential response to nutrient enrichment is expected to be contrasting and to differ from larger phytoplankton species. Here, we used a metagenomic approach to characterize the responses to nutrient enrichment in the community of picocyanobacteria and to analyze the cyanophage response during a mesocosms experiment in the oligotrophic Red Sea. Natural picoplankton community was dominated bySynechococcusclade II, with marginal presence ofProchlorococcus(0.3\% bacterial reads). Increased nutrient input triggered a fastSynechococcusbloom, with clade II being the dominant, with no response ofProchlorococcusgrowth. The largest bloom developed in the mesocosms receiving a single initial input of nutrients, instead of daily additions. The relative abundances of cyanophage sequences in cellular metagenomes increased during the experiment from 12.6\% of total virus reads up to 40\% in the treatment with the largestSynechococcusbloom. The subsequent collapse of the bloom pointed to a cyanophage infection onSynechococcusthat reduced its competitive capacity, and was then followed by a diatom bloom. The cyanophage attack appears to have preferentially affected the most abundantSynechococcusclade II, increasing the evenness within the host population. Our results highlight the relevance of host-phage interactions on determining population dynamics and diversity ofSynechococcuspopulations.
Issue Date: 2020
Type: Article
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2020.01153
ISSN: 1664-302X
Funder: King Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyKing Abdullah University of Science \& Technology
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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