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dc.contributor.authorMack, Leoni
dc.contributor.authorAttila, Jenni
dc.contributor.authorAylagas, Eva
dc.contributor.authorBeermann, Arne and Borja, Angel
dc.contributor.authorHering, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorKahlert, Maria
dc.contributor.authorLeese, Florian and Lenz, Robin
dc.contributor.authorLehtiniemi, Maiju
dc.contributor.authorLiess, Antonia
dc.contributor.authorLips, Urmas and Mattila, Olli-Pekka
dc.contributor.authorMeissner, Kristian
dc.contributor.authorPyhalahti, Timo and Setala, Outi
dc.contributor.authorStrehse, Jennifer S.
dc.contributor.authorUusitalo, Laura
dc.contributor.authorWranne, Anna Willstrand
dc.contributor.authorBirk, Sebastian
dc.description.abstractA multitude of anthropogenic pressures deteriorate the Baltic Sea, resulting in the need to protect and restore its marine ecosystem. For an efficient conservation, comprehensive monitoring and assessment of all ecosystem elements is of fundamental importance. The Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission HELCOM coordinates conservation measures regulated by several European directives. However, this holistic assessment is hindered by gaps within the current monitoring schemes. Here, twenty-two novel methods with the potential to fill some of these gaps and improve the monitoring of the Baltic marine environment are examined. We asked key stakeholders to point out methods likely to improve current Baltic Sea monitoring. We then described these methods in a comparable way and evaluated them based on their costs and applicability potential (i.e., possibility to make them operational). Twelve methods require low to very low costs, while five require moderate and two high costs. Seventeen methods were rated with a high to very high applicability, whereas four methods had moderate and one low applicability for Baltic Sea monitoring. Methods with both low costs and a high applicability include the Manta Trawl, Rocket, Sediment Corer, Argo Float, Artificial Substrates, Citizen Observation, Earth Observation, the HydroFIAR (R) pH system, DNA Metabarcoding and Stable Isotope Analysis.
dc.subjectBaltic Sea Action Plan
dc.subjectMarine Strategy Framework Directive
dc.subjectWater Framework Directive
dc.subjectdata acquisition
dc.subjectmarine management
dc.titleA Synthesis of Marine Monitoring Methods With the Potential to Enhance the Status Assessment of the Baltic Sea
dc.identifier.journalFRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE
dc.contributor.funderBONUS - EU [185]
dc.contributor.funderBONUS - Academy of Finland [185]
dc.contributor.funderSwedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas
dc.contributor.funderBmBF project MicroCatch\_BaltFederal Ministry of Education \& Research (BMBF) [03F0788A]
dc.contributor.funderRed Sea Research Center at KAUST
dc.contributor.funderEuropean UnionEuropean Commission [308392]
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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