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Title: Updating the national checklist of marine fishes in Spanish waters: An approach to priority hotspots and lessons for conservation
Authors: Carlos Baez, Jose; Rodriguez-Cabello, Cristina; Banon, Rafael and Brito, Alberto; Falcon, Jesus M.; Mano, Tono; Baro, Jorge and Macias, David; Jose Melendez, Maria; Antonio Caminas, Juan and Arias-Garcia, Alberto; Gil, Juan; Farias, Carlos; Artexe, Inaki and Sanchez, Francisco
Citation: MEDITERRANEAN MARINE SCIENCE, 2019, 20, 260-270
Abstract: In response to a request from the Spanish Ministry of Fanning, Fishing, Food. and Environment (Spanish: Agricultura, Pesca, Alimentacion y Media Ambiente) in 2015, a fish expert group was formed to provide a reference list of marine fish species according to five regions (marine demarcations) established by Spanish Law 41/2010 on the protection of the marine environment. The objective of this article was to update and analyse the data compiled in the marine fish species checklist in order to: 1) provide a complete list of marine fish species in the Spanish Exclusive Economic Zone; 2) compare this checklist between bio-gcographical areas; and 3) identify possible priority hotspots for their conservation. We applied several indices, such as the total number of species in each area, species richness, and the Biodiversity Conservation Concern index. We discuss gaps in knowledge and the lessons learned for conservation purposes. A total of 1075 marine fishes were reported in Spanish waters. Most of these fish were well determined, whereas a few were treated as uncertain. The marine demarcation with the most species is the Canary Islands with 795 species, followed by the Spanish north coast demarcation with 506 species. However, the marine demarcations with the most species per area are the Spanish coast of the Gulf of Ctidiz and the Strait of Gibraltar-Alboran Sea.
Issue Date: 2019
Type: Article
DOI: 10.12681/mms.18626
ISSN: 1108-393X
Appears in Publication types:Artículos científicos

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